The Ohio Military Reserve operates its own academy for a wide range of training needs. For those persons without prior federal military experience in either the US Army (including Reserves and National Guard) or the US Marine Corps (including Reserves), the OHMR offers its own basic training known as Basic Entry Level Training (BELT). The BELT course teaches fundamental soldier skills and knowledge, including: customs and courtesies, drill and ceremony, military ranks, phonetic alphabet, map reading, uniform preparation, and much more. Much of the course material is taken directly from the US Army training curriculum, including official US Army references and manuals.

The Academy also offers more advanced courses for personnel as they progress through their military career. Courses include:

All enlisted personnel within the OHMR train for their Military Occupational Specialty. Prior to the organizational transformation, the primary MOS was Military Police (MOS 31B). However, due to the change in mission, the need for a dedicated security entity was virtually eliminated. Consequently, all enlisted personnel train for the Military Security Specialist MOS, a modified and streamlined version of the Military Police MOS.

The Academy is staffed by an experienced cadre of OHMR soldiers who have demonstrated expertise in their professional development. These role models help to set the standard by which other soldiers are trained.

At this time, the Ohio Military Reserve does not train with firearms.


The vast majority of soldier training occurs with the home unit, the Company or Detachment to which the soldier has been offically assigned. Personnel drill and train with members of their unit each month on mission-specific tasks and skills. Subjects include: It is also the responsibility of the home unit to help new soldiers prepare for their Basic Entry Level Training (BELT) course.


Online and computer-based course work is a valuable component of the Ohio Military Reserve's training plan. FEMA's Independent Study Program offers courses that support the nine mission areas identified by the National Preparedness Goal.
  1. Incident Management
  2. Operational Planning
  3. Disaster Logistics
  4. Emergency Communications
  5. Service To Disaster Victims
  6. Continuity Programs
  7. Public Disaster Communications
  8. Integrated Preparedness
  9. Hazard Mitigation
The Emergency Management Institute (EMI) replaced its Incident Command System (ICS) curricula with courses that meet the requirements specified in the National Incident Management System (NIMS). EMI developed the new courses collaboratively with the National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG), the United States Fire Administration and the United States Department of Agriculture.

FEMA's Professional Development Series includes seven EMI independent study courses that provide a well-rounded set of fundamentals for those in the emergency management profession.

In addition, the OHMR Academy offers a series of Army Institute for Professional Development (AIPD) correspondence courses. These courses augment the standard MOS training by offering studies in areas that include NCO Leadership, Civil Disturbance, Signal and Communications, Security, and Military History.

Finally, the State Guard Association of the United States (SGAUS) offers the Military Emergency Management Specialist (MEMS) rating, a program established to give State Defense Forces and Civil Authorities the ability to obtain credentialing in the field of Emergency Management. The MEMS Academy Program is comprised of three qualification levels: Basic, Senior, and Master. Each level is identified with a different badge.

Many of the online and correspondence courses are required for promotion.


Field training exercises provide an opportunity for practical, hands-on application of knowledge gained in the classroom. It allows soldiers to go beyond theory and refine their skills in the field and in all kinds of weather. It's also an opportunity to field-test equipment that would otherwise be useless in a garrison environment.

The FTX is designed to provide as realistic a scenario as one might encounter in the event of an actual deployment. This also helps to strengthen leadership and teamwork. It allows soldiers and leaders to identify problem areas and methods of improvement.

Finally, the FTX is an opportunity for the OHMR to practice their mission with other agencies. This often includes the state and local EMA's, local governments, law enforcement, first reponders, volunteer organizations, and even the general public.

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